Python support in Visual Studio on Windows (2023)

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Refers to: Python support in Visual Studio on Windows (1)visual studioPython support in Visual Studio on Windows (2)Visual Studio za MacPython support in Visual Studio on Windows (3)Code visual studio

Python is a popular programming language that is reliable, flexible, easy to learn, free on all operating systems, and supported by a strong developer community and many free libraries. Python supports all types of programming, including web applications, web services, desktop applications, scripting, and scientific computing. Scientists, casual programmers, professional programmers and many universities use Python for programming. You can find more information about the language atpython.organdPython for beginners.

Visual Studio is a powerful Python IDE on Windows. Visual Studio offersopen sourcepython support viaPython developmentandData scienceradna opterećenja (Visual Studio 2017 and kasnije) and the free Python Tools for Visual Studio extension (Visual Studio 2015 and later).

Visual Studio does not currently support Python on Mac. But it is available on Mac and Linux through Visual Studio Code. (SeeAsk).

Start:

  • followInstallation instructionsto configure the Python workload.

  • Explore the possibilities of Visual Studio with Python using the sections of this article.

  • Go through at least one quickstart to build your project. If you are not sure, start withQuick Start: Open and run the Python code in the folderLubCreate a web application with Flask.

  • followWork with Python in Visual Studioguide for the complete end-to-end experience.

Support for multiple translators

Visual studioPython environmentsThe window (shown below in wide expanded view) provides a single place to manage all global Python environments, conda environments, and virtual environments. Visual Studio automatically detects Python installations in default locations and allows you to configure custom installations. In each environment, you can easily manage packages, open an interactive window for that environment, and open environment folders.

Python support in Visual Studio on Windows (4)

Python support in Visual Studio on Windows (5)

useOpen the interactive windowcommand to run Python interactively in the context of Visual Studio. usageOpen in PowerShellcommand to open a separate command window in the selected environment folder. You can run any python script from this command window.

For more information:

  • Manage Python environments
  • Reference to Python environments

Rich editing, IntelliSense technology and code understanding

Visual Studio offers a premium Python editor, including syntax highlighting, auto-completion for all code and libraries, code formatting, signing assistance, refactoring, linting, and typing hints. Visual Studio also offers unique features such as class view,Go to definition,Find all referencesand code snippets. Direct integration withInteractive windowhelps you quickly develop Python code that is already stored in a file.

Python support in Visual Studio on Windows (6)

For more information:

  • Documents:Edit the Python code
  • Documents:Format the code
  • Documents:Refactoring-kod
  • Documents:Use a linter
  • Documents on common features of Visual Studio:Code editor functions

Interactive window

For any Python environment known to Visual Studio, you can simply open the same Interactive Environment (REPL) for the Python interpreter directly in Visual Studio, instead of using a separate command line. You can also easily switch between environments. (To open a separate command line, select the desired environment from the filePython environmentswindow, then selectOpen in PowerShellcommand as previously explained inSupport for multiple translators.)

Python support in Visual Studio on Windows (7)

Python support in Visual Studio on Windows (8)

Visual Studio also provides tight integration between the Python code editor andInteractiveok no. Thecontrol key+A nursekeyboard shortcut conveniently sends the current line of code (or block of code) in the editorInteractivewindow and then moves to the next line (or block).control key+A nurseallows you to easily step through your code without running the debugger. You can also send the selected code to the addressInteractivewith the same keystroke and simply paste the code from the fileInteractiveeditor window. Together, these capabilities allow you to work out the details of a segment of codeInteractivewindow and simply save the results to a file in the editor.

Visual Studio also supports IPython/Jupyter in REPLs, including embedded charts, .NET, and Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF).

For more information:

  • Interactive window
  • IPython meets Visual Studio

Project system and templates for projects and elements

Remark

Visual Studio 2019 supports opening a folder with Python code and running that code without creating Visual Studio project and solution files. For more information seeQuick Start: Open and run the Python code in the folder. However, there are advantages to using a project file, as discussed in this section.

Remark

Visual Studio 2022 supports opening a folder with Python code and running that code without creating Visual Studio project and solution files. For more information seeQuick Start: Open and run the Python code in the folder. However, there are advantages to using a project file, as discussed in this section.

Visual Studio helps you manage the complexity of your project as it grows over time. ANDProject Visual Studioit's much more than folder structure: it's about understanding how different files are used and how they relate to each other. Visual Studio helps you distinguish between application code, test code, web pages, JavaScript, build scripts, and so on, which then enables file-specific features. In addition, Visual Studio helps you manage multiple related projects, such as a Python project and a C++ extension.

Python support in Visual Studio on Windows (9)

Project and item templates automate the process of setting up different types of projects and files, saving you valuable time and eliminating the need to manage complicated, error-prone details. Visual Studio offers templates for web, Azure, data science, console, and other types of projects, as well as file templates such as Python classes, unit tests, Azure web configuration, HTML, and even Django applications.

For more information:

  • Documents:Manage projects in Python
  • Documents:Reference to article templates
  • Documents:Python project templates
  • Documents:Rad said C++ in Python
  • Documents on common features of Visual Studio:Design and element templates
  • Documents on common features of Visual Studio:Solutions and projects in Visual Studio

A fully functional debugger

One of the strengths of Visual Studio is its powerful debugger. Specific to Python, Visual Studio includes Python/C++ mixed-mode debugging, remote Linux debugging,Interactivewindow and debug python unit tests.

Python support in Visual Studio on Windows (11)

In Visual Studio 2019, you can run and debug code without needing a Visual Studio project file. To seeQuick Start: Open and run the Python code in the 2019 directoryFor example.

In Visual Studio 2022, you can run and debug code without needing a Visual Studio project file. To seeQuick Start: Open and run the Python code in the -2022 folderFor example.

For more information:

  • Documents:Debugging in Python
  • Documents:Mixed mode Python/C++ debugging
  • Documents:Linux remote debugging
  • Documents on common features of Visual Studio:Introducing Visual Studio Debugger functions

Profiling examines how time is spent in the application. Visual Studio supports profiling with CPython-based interpreters and provides the ability to compare performance between different profiling runs.

For more information:

  • Documents:Python profiling tools
  • Documents on common features of Visual Studio:A tour of the profiling features. (Not all Visual Studio profiling features are available for Python.)

Unit testing tools

Discover, run, and manage tests in Visual StudioTest Explorerand easily debug unit tests.

Python support in Visual Studio on Windows (13)

For more information:

  • Documents:Unit testing tools for Python
  • Documents on common features of Visual Studio:Unit test your code.

Azure SDK za Python

Azure Libraries for Python simplify consuming Azure services from Windows, macOS X, and Linux applications. You can use them to create and manage Azure resources and connect to Azure services.

For more information seeAzure SDK za PythonandAzure Libraries for Python.

Ask

Q. Is Python support available in Visual Studio for Mac?

A. Not at this time, but you can vote on the proposalA community of developers. FromVisual Studio za Macthe documentation identifies the current development types that are supported. Meanwhile Visual Studio Code on Windows, Mac and Linuxworks well with python thanks to available extensions.

Q. What can I use to create a user interface for Python?

A. The main offer in this area isProjekt Qt, with Python bindings known asPySide (Official Link)(See alsoPySide downloads) andPyQt. Python support in Visual Studio does not include specific tools for user interface development.

Q. Can a Python project create a standalone executable?

A. Python is a generally interpreted language where code is executed on demand in a convenient Python-compatible environment such as Visual Studio and web servers. Visual Studio itself now provides no means of creating a standalone executable, which essentially means a program with a built-in Python interpreter. However, the Python community has provided several ways to create executables, as described inStack overflow. CPython also supports embedding into a native application as described in the blog post,Use the built-in CPython zip file.

FAQs

Is it possible to run Python code in Visual Studio? ›

Use the Open interactive window command to run Python interactively within the context of Visual Studio. Use the Open in PowerShell command to open a separate command window in the folder of the selected environment. From that command window you can run any python script.

How do I add Python support to Visual Studio? ›

For Python, select the Python development workload and select Install: To quickly test Python support, launch Visual Studio, press Alt+I to open the Python Interactive window, and enter 2+2 . If you don't see the output of 4, recheck your steps.

Why is my Python code not running in Visual Studio? ›

If you've tried to run Python code in Visual Studio Code and failed, it's likely because you were using the 'Run Python File' button. This is the button in the top-right corner of the IDE that looks like the 'play' symbol (see image below). There's no need to be embarrassed.

Is Visual Studio a good IDE for Python? ›

The most popular IDEs for experienced Python developers are PyCharm and Visual Studio Code. PyCharm is a full-featured IDE that offers many features, including code completion, code navigation, refactoring, and debugging.

Which is better PyCharm or Visual Studio? ›

Microsoft Visual Studio has 2788 reviews and a rating of 4.62 / 5 stars vs PyCharm which has 323 reviews and a rating of 4.7 / 5 stars. Compare the similarities and differences between software options with real user reviews focused on features, ease of use, customer service, and value for money.

How do I run Python on Windows? ›

Go to your Start menu (lower left Windows icon), type "Microsoft Store", select the link to open the store. Once the store is open, select Search from the upper-right menu and enter "Python". Select which version of Python you would like to use from the results under Apps.

How to setup Python in Visual Studio Code Windows? ›

Was this documentation helpful?
  1. Prerequisites.
  2. Install Visual Studio Code and the Python extension.
  3. Install a Python interpreter.
  4. Verify the Python installation.
  5. Start VS Code in a workspace folder.
  6. Select a Python interpreter.
  7. Create a Python Hello World source code file.
  8. Run Hello World.

Do I need to install Python before Visual Studio? ›

Visual Studio automatically detects existing Python installations. See The Python Environments window. Also, if a newer version of Python is available than what's shown in the installer, you can install that version separately and Visual Studio will detect it.

How do I access Python in Visual Studio? ›

Launch Visual Studio 2022 and in the start window, select Open at the bottom of the Get started column. Alternately, if you already have Visual Studio running, select the File > Open > Folder command instead. Navigate to the folder containing your Python code, then choose Select Folder.

How do I enable Python virtual environment in Visual Studio? ›

Activate an existing virtual environment

Right-click Python Environments in Solution Explorer and select Add Environment. In the Browse dialog that appears, navigate to and select the folder that contains the virtual environment, and select OK. If Visual Studio detects a requirements.

Which IDE is mostly used for Python? ›

PyCharm. One of the best (and only) full-featured, dedicated IDEs for Python is PyCharm. Available in both paid (Professional) and free open-source (Community) editions, PyCharm installs quickly and easily on Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux platforms. Out of the box, PyCharm supports Python development directly.

Should I use PyCharm or Visual Studio for Python? ›

PyCharm is the way to go if you want a powerful, focused, and well-configured Python development environment. However, VS Code is preferred if you want something lightweight with the ability to customize. Both are excellent tools that, depending on how you choose to utilize them, can be used for a variety of tasks.

Which Python version is best for Windows 10? ›

One key choice you'll need to make, especially on Windows, is whether to use the 32-bit or 64-bit version of Python. The most likely answer is 64-bit, for the following reasons: Most modern operating systems use a 64-bit edition of Python by default.

Which language is Visual Studio best for? ›

JavaScript is a first-class language in Visual Studio. You can use most or all of the standard editing aids (code snippets, IntelliSense, and so on) when you write JavaScript code in the Visual Studio IDE.

Is Visual Studio best for coding? ›

Visual Studio Code

A standalone source code editor that runs on Windows, macOS, and Linux. The top pick for JavaScript and web developers, with extensions to support just about any programming language.

Why use Visual Studio Code for Python? ›

Visual Studio Code is a free source code editor that fully supports Python and useful features such as real-time collaboration. It's highly customizable to support your classroom the way you like to teach.

Can I run a Python script in Windows? ›

On recent versions of Windows, it is possible to run Python scripts by simply entering the name of the file containing the code at the command prompt: C:\devspace> hello.py Hello World!

What is the easiest way to run Python? ›

The most basic and easy way to run a Python script is by using the python command. You need to open a command line and type the word python followed by the path to your script file like this: python first_script.py Hello World! Then you hit the ENTER button from the keyboard, and that's it.

How do I write a Python script in Windows? ›

  1. Go to File and click on Save as.
  2. In the field Save in browse for the C: drive and then select the folder PythonPrograms.
  3. For the field File name remove everything that is there and type in Hello.py.
  4. In the field Save as type select All Files.
  5. Click on Save. You have just created your first Python program.

What's the difference between Visual Studio and Visual Studio code? ›

Visual Studio is an Integrated Development Environment, also known as an IDE. Visual Studio Code is a code editor. A developer can easily edit their code. VS is slower when it comes to performing across different platforms.

How do I run code in Visual Studio? ›

To run the program, press Ctrl+F5, select Debug > Start without debugging from the top menu, or select the green Start button. Visual Studio tries to build and run your project.

How do I run Python code in Visual Studio using keyboard? ›

To run Python code:
  1. use shortcut Ctrl + Alt + N.
  2. or press F1 and then select/type Run Code,
  3. or right click the Text Editor and then click Run Code in the editor context menu.
  4. or click the Run Code button in the editor title menu.
  5. or click Run Code button in the context menu of file explorer.

Do I need to install Python separately with VS Code? ›

Install Python and the Python extension

The tutorial guides you through installing Python and using the extension. You must install a Python interpreter yourself separately from the extension. For a quick install, use Python from python.org and install the extension from the VS Code Marketplace.

What version of Python is Visual Studio? ›

Visual Studio supports Python version 3.7. While it is possible to use Visual Studio to edit code written in other versions of Python, those versions are not officially supported and features such as IntelliSense and debugging might not work.

What is the difference between Python and Visual Studio? ›

Python's IDLE is the integrated development environment (IDE) and learning platform for Python. Visual Studio (now in the 2022 edition) is a 64-bit IDE that makes it easier to work with bigger projects and complex workloads, boasting a fluid and responsive experience for users.

How do I install and set up Python? ›

Installing Python on Windows takes a series of few easy steps.
  1. Step 1 − Select Version of Python to Install. ...
  2. Step 2 − Download Python Executable Installer. ...
  3. Step 3 − Run Executable Installer. ...
  4. Step 4 − Verify Python is installed on Windows. ...
  5. Step 5 − Verify Pip was installed.
Mar 10, 2021

How to install Python extension in Visual Studio Code manually? ›

You can browse and install extensions from within VS Code. Bring up the Extensions view by clicking on the Extensions icon in the Activity Bar on the side of VS Code or the View: Extensions command (Ctrl+Shift+X). This will show you a list of the most popular VS Code extensions on the VS Code Marketplace.

How do you check if I have installed Python? ›

To check if Python is installed on your Windows machine using the Start Menu, follow these steps: Press the Windows key or click on the Start button to open the Start Menu. Type "python". If Python is installed, it should show up as the best match.

How to install Python on Windows 10? ›

To download Python, you need to visit www.python.org, which is the official Python website.
  1. Basics to Advanced - Learn It All! ...
  2. This will take you to the page where the different Python releases for Windows can be found. ...
  3. Once the executable file download is complete, you can open it to install Python.
Apr 25, 2023

How to install library in Python? ›

Any Python library can be installed manually in just one step using the command: python3 <FILE_NAME>. py install. The command pip install package_name is used in Python to install libraries using scripts. Programmers can also use the pip command to uninstall Python libraries.

How do I specify a version of Python to run? ›

The default Python interpreter is referenced on Windows using the command py. Using the Command Prompt, you can use the -V option to print out the version. You can also specify the version of Python you'd like to run. For Windows, you can just provide an option like -2.7 to run version 2.7.

How to install pip in Python? ›

Installing PIP On Windows
  1. Step 1: Download PIP get-pip.py. Before installing PIP, download the get-pip.py file. ...
  2. Step 2: Installing PIP on Windows. To install PIP type in the following: python get-pip.py. ...
  3. Step 3: Verify Installation. ...
  4. Step 4: Add Pip to Windows Environment Variables. ...
  5. Step 5: Configuration.
Feb 19, 2019

How to setup Python virtual environment on Windows? ›

Additionally, the sudo command may be needed if not running as the root user.
  1. Step 1: Install Python. There is a Python installer for Windows. ...
  2. Step 2: Install PIP. Python3 usually comes with pip preinstalled. ...
  3. Step 3: Install Virtualenv. ...
  4. Step 4: Install virtualenvwrapper-win.
Jan 17, 2023

How to setup Python virtual environment in Windows 10? ›

Create a Virtual Environment using Conda
  1. Step 1: Open Anaconda prompt. ...
  2. Step 2: Check Conda is installed in your path. ...
  3. Step 3: Check if Conda is up to date. ...
  4. Step 4: Create a Virtual Environment. ...
  5. Step 5: Activate the environment. ...
  6. Step 6: Deactivate the above environment once your work is done.

How to create virtual environment in Windows using Python? ›

Creation of virtual environments is done by executing the command venv :
  1. python -m venv /path/to/new/virtual/environment.
  2. c:\>c:\Python35\python -m venv c:\path\to\myenv.
  3. c:\>python -m venv c:\path\to\myenv.

What IDE is developed by Microsoft that allows for Python programming? ›

Visual Studio Python IDE - Python Development Tools for Windows.

Which is the best Python compiler? ›

Top 10 Most Popular Python Compilers
  • PyCharm.
  • Jupyter Notebook.
  • Atom.
  • Spyder.
  • IDLE.
  • Sublime Text.
  • Vim.
  • Visual Studio Code.

Which Python IDE is best for deep learning? ›

PyCharm is one of the best Python IDE for machine learning. It is a powerful IDE that provides a range of useful features for machine learning development. It has a great code editor with features like code completion, syntax highlighting, and error checking.

Which is better Anaconda or Visual Studio Code? ›

Anaconda is an open source Python distribution / data discovery & analytics platform. Visual Studio (now in the 2022 edition) is a 64-bit IDE that makes it easier to work with bigger projects and complex workloads, boasting a fluid and responsive experience for users.

Is Visual Studio faster than PyCharm? ›

Microsoft's Visual Studio Code is much faster as compared to PyCharm. It is extremely lightweight as compared to PyCharm. When it comes to modular approach of wiring code, Visual Studio Code is a winner. Microsoft's IDE has a wide range of extensions, add-ons, and other libraries.

Is PyCharm faster than Visual Studio Code? ›

Visual Studio Code has a larger extension ecosystem, thus making it more customizable and versatile. PyCharm has a smaller ecosystem, but it comes with more features. VS Code has IntelliSense to save you from typing. In addition, it has a GitHub CoPilot extension that makes coding faster.

Which window is best for Python programming? ›

Top Python IDEs
  • IDLE. IDLE (Integrated Development and Learning Environment) is a default editor that accompanies Python. ...
  • PyCharm. PyCharm is a widely used Python IDE created by JetBrains. ...
  • Visual Studio Code. Visual Studio Code is an open-source (and free) IDE created by Microsoft. ...
  • Sublime Text 3. ...
  • Atom. ...
  • Jupyter. ...
  • Spyder. ...
  • PyDev.
Apr 25, 2023

Can I run Python on Windows 10? ›

To install the package, ensure you have the latest Windows 10 updates and search the Microsoft Store app for “Python 3.11”. Ensure that the app you select is published by the Python Software Foundation, and install it. Python will always be available for free on the Microsoft Store.

Which Python is better for beginners? ›

Although Python 2 has its merits, learning Python 3 is more advantageous, especially for beginning developers. The following are the top reasons why you should learn Python 3. Python 3 improves AI, machine learning, and data science support.

How do I run my Python code in Visual Studio code? ›

The Python extension then provides shortcuts to run Python code using the currently selected interpreter (Python: Select Interpreter in the Command Palette). To run the active Python file, click the Run Python File in Terminal play button in the top-right side of the editor.

How do I run a code in Visual Studio code? ›

To run or debug a simple app in VS Code, select Run and Debug on the Debug start view or press F5 and VS Code will try to run your currently active file. However, for most debugging scenarios, creating a launch configuration file is beneficial because it allows you to configure and save debugging setup details.

Where do I run Python code? ›

A widely used way to run Python code is through an interactive session. To start a Python interactive session, just open a command-line or terminal and then type in python , or python3 depending on your Python installation, and then hit Enter .

How to test Python code in Visual Studio terminal? ›

Open a Python project. Once the project is loaded in Visual Studio, right-click your project in Solution Explorer and select the unittest or pytest framework from the Properties Test tab. If you use the pytest framework, you can specify test location and filename patterns using the standard pytest .

Is Visual Studio Code an IDE? ›

Visual Studio is the fastest IDE for productivity. Target any platform, any device. Build any type of application.

How do I run code in Visual Studio Code in terminal windows? ›

Visual Studio Code includes a full featured integrated terminal that conveniently starts at the root of your workspace. It provides integration with the editor to support features like links and error detection. To open the terminal: Use the Ctrl+` keyboard shortcut to toggle the terminal panel.

Is Visual code Studio good? ›

Visual Studio Code is a popular and widely-used code editor with a user-friendly interface and a wide range of features. It offers excellent debugging capabilities and a variety of extensions that make it easy to customize the editor for your specific needs.

How do I run a Python script without typing Python Windows? ›

You can simply run by typing filename if you follow these simple steps.
  1. Step 1 : Add shebang line as first line in your python code. #!/usr/bin/python3. ...
  2. Step 2 : Make your python file executable. ...
  3. Step 3 : Move your file to bin to run it from anywhere.

How to run a Python script? ›

The most basic and easy way to run a Python script is by using the python command. You need to open a command line and type the word python followed by the path to your script file like this: python first_script.py Hello World! Then you hit the ENTER button from the keyboard, and that's it.

How to compile Python code? ›

You can also automatically compile all Python files using the compileall module. You can do it from the shell prompt by running compileall.py and providing the path of the directory containing the Python files to compile: monty@python:~/python$ python -m compileall .

What is the best online Python compiler? ›

Some of the best online Python compilers include Replit, JDoodle, OneCompiler, and Ideone.

What is the shortcut key to run Python script? ›

You can press Ctrl + F5 to run the file. If you want to debug the file, use F5 instead.

How do I make a Python script executable? ›

Using auto-py-to-exe
  1. Open a Command Prompt by searching for CMD. ...
  2. Run auto-py-to-exe from the prompt. ...
  3. Click on Browse and navigate to our example Python file. ...
  4. Set the application to use one file. ...
  5. Set the application to be Console Based. ...
  6. Click on the Icon drop down and select an icon for your application.
May 22, 2022

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